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Paula Andrea Maldonado Moscoso

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Paula Andrea Maldonado Moscoso

PhD Student in Neuroscience, Università degli Studi di Firenze



  • Email: paulaandmaldonado (AT) gmail.com
  • Mobile phone: +39 3484027544

Research laboratories

  • CNR Institute of Neuroscience, Pisa
  • Department of Neurofarba, University of Florence


  • 2013 - 2016: MS Psychology (curriculum Neuropsychology and Cognitive Assessment), 110/110 cum laude, Scuola di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy
  • 2010 - 2013: BS Clinical and Health Psychology, Scuola di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy


Current research and interests

  • Numerosity perception
  • Visual adaptation



Anobile, G., Arrighi, R., Castaldi, E., Grassi, E., Pedonese, L., Moscoso PAM., & Bur DC. (2017). Spatial but Not Temporal Numerosity Thresholds Correlate With Formal Math Skills in Children, Dev Psychol, PDF

Humans and other animals are able to make rough estimations of quantities using what has been termed the approximate number system (ANS). Much evidence suggests that sensitivity to numerosity correlates with symbolic math capacity, leading to the suggestion that the ANS may serve as a start-up tool to develop symbolic math. Many experiments have demonstrated that numerosity perception transcends the sensory modality of stimuli and their presentation format (sequential or simultaneous), but it remains an open question whether the relationship between numerosity and math generalizes over stimulus format and modality. Here we measured precision for estimating the numerosity of clouds of dots and sequences of flashes or clicks, as well as for paired comparisons of the numerosity of clouds of dots. Our results show that in children, formal math abilities correlate positively with sensitivity for estimation and paired-comparisons of the numerosity of visual arrays of dots. However, precision of numerosity estimation for sequences of flashes or sounds did not correlate with math, although sensitivities in all estimations tasks (for sequential or simultaneous stimuli) were strongly correlated with each other. In adults, we found no significant correlations between math scores and sensitivity to any of the psychophysical tasks. Taken together these results support the existence of a generalized number sense, and go on to demonstrate an intrinsic link between mathematics and perception of spatial, but not temporal numerosity.



P. A. Maldonado-Moscoso, G. Anobile, R. Arrighi, E. Castaldi, E. Grassi, L. Pedonese, D. C. Burr. Spatial but not temporal numerosity thresholds correlate with formal math skills in children. European Conference on Visual Perception 2018 (Poster). Trieste, Italy, 26-30/08/2018.

P. A. Maldonado-Moscoso, G. Anobile, C. Primi, R. Arrighi. The link between math anxiety and numerosity perception. Children Vision Research Society (Poster). Pisa, Italy, 15-17/06/2019

P. A. Maldonado-Moscoso, G. M. Cicchini, R. Arrighi, D. C. Burr. Numerosity adaptation: changes in sensory processes or in decisional making? European Conference on Visual Perception 2019 (Poster). Leuven, Belgium, 25-29/08/2019.



  • Maldonado, P., "The relationship between the abstract number-sense and math abilities in adults". Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy (2016). Supervisor: R. Arrighi.

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